On this day also, the British formally annexed the island of Cyprus, which they had held as a protectorate since 1878, and began moves to eradicate the last formal links between Egypt and the Ottomans.
The Cyprus matter is a reminder of how much Great Power alignments had changed in the previous four decades. In 1878, in exchange for British agreement to protect the Ottoman Empire from defeat in the Russo-Turkish War and in the negotiations at the Congress of Berlin ("The Russians shall not have Constantinople!"). But by 1914, Britain an Russia were on the same side in the new war, and the Committee of Union and Progress (the "Young Turks") were throwing in their lot with the Germans and Austrians.
As part of its declaration of war against the Ottomans, the British ended the protectorate status of Cyprus and annexed the island to their Empire.
|Sultan Hussein Kamil|
|Flag of the Sultanate of Egypt|