As Mohammed Harbi notes in a piece in Le Monde Diplomatique marking the 60th anniversary in 2005:
There were many repercussions: any hopes of a deal between the Algerian people and the European colony were off. In France the political forces of the wartime resistance movement failed their first test on decolonisation, allowing themselves to be taken over by the pro-colonial party. The architect of the repressive measures, General Duval, warned: “I have secured you peace for 10 years. If France does nothing, it will all happen again, only next time it will be worse and may well be irreparable."In fact, he had bought only nine years; it was indeed worse, and indeed irreparable. On November 1, 1954 (All Saint's Day, later known as Toussaint Rouge) the Algerians rose up in the bloody war that led to independence in 1962.
Sétif was conveniently forgotten in France, but it became major inflammatory moment in the growth of Algerian nationalism, sometimes described in Algerian revolutionary rhetoric as a "genocide."